Florida State Parks 75th Anniversary Logo
An RV is set up at a shady campsite, one of 24 sites offered on the high ground of Falling Waters State Park. The lake at Falling Waters, surrounded by trees, reflects the beauty of the park in its calm waters. Sometimes the most interesting creatures in a park are the smallest, like the big-eyed, black and yellow spadefoot toad. Large yellow flowers appear on a pine tree before the pine cones set.
Falling Waters State Park
The park¿s 73-foot waterfall is the tallest in Florida and one of the most geologically significant features in the state (photo, Matt Paulson).

History and Culture

During the 1778 British occupation of Florida, Native Americans lived on Falling Waters Hill and the surrounding area. No written records remain but artifacts are often found after a field is tilled. Two industries operated near the waterfall -- a gristmill powered by the waterfall ground corn into grits and cornmeal during the Civil War period, and in 1891, a legal whiskey distillery furnished spirits to an area wine shop set up for railway construction workers. In 1919, one of Florida's first oil wells was drilled at Falling Waters. Indian legends and a wildcat stock promoter's claim of oil helped get the project going, but the drillers had little luck. When a depth of 3,900 feet was reached, a blow of gas gave area residents a false sense of hope. Promoters continued to drill to a final depth of 4,912 feet but with no commercial quantity ever found, the well was capped in 1921.

The rig shown in this historic photo is part of what is considered to be the first oil well drilled in Florida.

Oil Well

From a Spanish diary written 400 years earlier, speculators believed there was oil in what is now Falling Waters State Park. They started a drilling operation in 1919 using a wooden derrick and a steam-driven engine. After drilling nearly 5,000 feet, no oil was found in any commercial quantity. The well was capped in 1921 and all that remains is the sludge pit for the well and a stately magnolia tree that marks the site.

Florida's first oil well in operation in 1920.

First Oil Well

This photo of the oil drilling operation on Falling Waters Hill in 1920 actually shows a plume of steam coming from the side of the structure. Mother Nature and time have wiped away most signs of the industrial activities that once took place in what is now a state park. Today, a concrete-capped well stub and oil sludge pit remain and an interpretive display explains this historical site.

Volunteers relax around a campfire and share stories of the day's activities (photo, Dana Haynes).

The Campfire

The campfire holds a special place in the hearts of people all over the world. It is where the evening meal is cooked; it provides warmth on cool nights, and it is a place where people gather to share stories and traditions. Walk through a Florida state park campground during the evening hours and families and friends can be seen enjoying each other's company - all taking place around a campfire. (Photo, Dana Haynes.)

Park staff pose for this photo with volunteers receiving Presidential Service Awards.

Staff & Volunteers

Falling Waters State Park has been fortunate over the years with folks that have a desire to give back. This photo represents just a few of the many volunteers who have helped maintain and improve the park. The individuals in this photo have just received the President's Volunteer Service Award for their commitment to the park.

This orange-flowered butterfly milkweed is just one of many species that depend on fire to survive.

Butterfly Weed

Florida is special in many ways. One is that many of Florida's ecosystems are fire dependant. Falling Waters State Park has the special distinction as the first park to perform a prescribed burn. The butterfly milkweed in this photo is growing as a result of a burn that took place only two months before the picture was taken. Without fire, this plant species and many others would lay dormant or disappear altogether. Prescribed burning allows the ecosystems to thrive while helping to prevent more destructive wildfires.